June 20, 2013 -
CelticRadio.net - Solstice
derives from a combination of Latin words meaning "sun" + "to stand still." As
the days lengthen, the sun rises higher and higher until it seems to stand still
in the sky.
As a major celestial event, the Summer Solstice results in the longest day and
the shortest night of the year. The Northern Hemisphere celebrates in June, but
the people on the Southern half of the earth have their longest summer day in
December. Litha is the solar festival that marks the longest day of the year,
with the sun rising and setting at its most northerly points. It is often
referred to as "Light of the Shore." The summer quarter of the year runs from
Beltane to Lughnasadh, so Litha stands at the midpoint of summer.
Litha celebrates the height of the sun's power and the abundance of summer.
Nature is alive, and fields and fruits are growing towards harvest, but the
blessing is mixed, for once light reaches its apogee it can only decline. Litha
is a fairly modern term for the summer solstice, and it may be derived from an
Anglo-Saxon word for "moon" that referred to the sixth and seventh months of the
year. The Druidic name for the festival, Alban Heruin or "Light of the Shore,"
is very appropriate for this turning point of the year, lying at the midpoint
between "Light of the Earth" and "Light of the Water" (the Druidic terms for the
In the past, midsummer fires were lit for purification, protection and in the
hope that the sun could be kept powerful for long enough to ensure a good
harvest. People would leap over these fires in the belief that the crops would
grow as high as they could jump. Drumming, dancing and singing were common,
making this festival a noisy and social time. The full moon in June is known as
the Mead or Honey Moon, and mead is a traditional drink for Litha, just as June
is a popular time for weddings and hence honeymoons.
Litha honors the apex of Light, symbolized in the Tree King myth cycle by the
crowning of the Oak King, God of the waxing year. At his crowning, the Oak King
falls to his darker aspect, the Holly King, God of the waning year (days grow
shorter after Litha). In terms of the God and Goddess cycle, the God is made
King through his marriage to the Queen at Litha.
Just as the winter solstice festival was appropriated by the Christian church
to celebrate Christ's birth, so the popular summer solstice festival was taken
to mark the birth of one of the church's most important saints: the cousin and
baptizer of Jesus, John the Baptist. Other saints' days correspond to the
supposed dates of their deaths, but John's is unusual in marking his birth.
Saint John's Wort is a flower of traditional importance to midsummer
Midsummer was thought to be a time of magic, when evil spirits were said to
appear. To thwart them, Pagans often wore protective garlands of herbs and
flowers. One of the most powerful of them was a plant called 'chase-devil',
which is known today as St. John's Wort and still used by modern herbalists as a
Litha is a time to consolidate your strengths and clear away negative
thoughts and energies. It is a time to be joyful and full of life, while at the
same time mindful of the waning of the light from now until Yule.