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> Brittany, Brief History
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Aon_Daonna 
Posted: 08-Jan-2003, 07:57 PM
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Since Brittany is one of the Celtic Nations I will give a short summary of it's history:

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   A part of ancient Armorica, the area was conquered by Julius Caesar in the Gallic Wars and became part of the province of Lugdunensis (see Gaul ). It received its modern name when it was settled (c.500) by Britons whom the Anglo-Saxons had driven from Britain. Breton history is a long struggle for independencefirst from the Franks (5th-9th cent.), then from the dukes of Normandy and the counts of Anjou (10th-12th cent.), and finally from England and France.

   In 1196, Arthur I, an Angevin , was acknowledged as duke. King John of England, who presumably murdered him (1203), failed to obtain the duchy, which passed to Arthur's brother-in-law, Peter I (Peter Mauclerc). The extinction of his direct line led to the War of the Breton Succession (1341-65), a part of the Hundred Years War (1337-1453). With the end of the Breton war, the dukedom was won by the house of Montfort. The dukes of Montfort tried to secure Brittany's neutrality between France and Britain during the remainder of the Hundred Years War.

   The unsuccessful rebellion of Duke Francis II against the French crown led to the absorption of Brittany into France after the accession of his daughter, Anne of Brittany, in 1488. King Francis I formally incorporated the duchy into France in 1532. Brittany's provincial parlement met at Rennes, and its provincial assembly remained powerful until the French Revolution.

   The 16th and 17th cent. were generally peaceful in Brittany, but the region, never reconciled to centralized rule, became one of the early centers of revolt in 1789. However, its staunch Catholicism and conservatism soon transformed it into an anti-Revolutionary stronghold; the Chouans (anti-Revolutionary peasants) were never fully subdued, and in S Brittany and the neighboring Vendée the Revolutionary government resorted to ruthless reprisals.

   Breton nationalism grew in the 19th cent. and was fueled by the anticlericalism of the Third Republic. The Breton autonomists, long successfully repressed by the French government, nevertheless resisted German bids for collaboration in World War II. During the 1970s, Breton nationalists once again protested the French repression of Breton culture. Groups such as the Breton Revolutionary army and the Movement of National Liberation by Socialism committed sporadic acts of violence, such as the exploding of a bomb in the palace of Versailles in June, 1978.


Taken from Encyclopedia.com
www.encyclopedia.com


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maggiemahone1 
Posted: 08-Jan-2003, 08:22 PM
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I like your new avatar, Aon!  Is this a Scottish Highland Cow?  Also a good article on Brittany.  (d)  (d)  (d)

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Aon_Daonna 
Posted: 09-Jan-2003, 05:28 PM
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It is, they are quite cute ain't they? although, when you've been chased by one you tend not to think that anymore :;):
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Cabbagehome 
Posted: 10-Jan-2003, 06:13 AM
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::viking There is a herd of Scottish Highland Cattle in Fowlerville, a town by us. They are so cool, we see them at fair, and everytime we go to hubby's best friend's house. The guy's grandfather brought them over, there is probablely some herford, in the line after so many years, as that is what the guy raised on his farm first. They are still the nicest beef breed I've ever come into contact with, and I grew up in beef cattle country.
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maggiemahone1 
Posted: 10-Jan-2003, 08:59 AM
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My husband's sister and her husband had a big dairy farm in Wisconsin and they had a few Scottish Highland Cows, the mommies was fierce protectors of their babies, a little more so than other breeds.  I've never been run by a cow, but my brother was when he was a wee laddie. We had a cow named Gracie Bell and she put him over the fence in no time at all!  Usually she was a docile cow, but for some reason she was having a bad day. (female thing!) :p That was a longgggggg time ago!

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Cabbagehome 
Posted: 13-Jan-2003, 09:15 AM
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::hehe My dad was a track suppervisor, for the railroad. One of his jobs was to get any livestock off the tracks, and to fix the fence. On weekends, he wold take the whole family along to help. One call, it was a black angus bull on the track, and my little brother & I had worn our brand new red jackets. You can guess, where that bull headed. We had to hide in the car, and dad had a bummer of a time getting that bull off the track.  :p
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Faileas 
  Posted: 17-Jan-2003, 04:46 PM
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yeah its also a fascinating country in brittany, after Scotland my fave place hehe. theres some very fascinating places and sites there such as the stones of carnac, mont st michelle and the lovely town of St.Malo. Absolutely worth a journey!! (d) ::smilingcolors ::smilingcolor ::color ::sunsmiley


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Aon_Daonna 
Posted: 17-Jan-2003, 07:14 PM
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I have some places that are very important to me. cardenden, scotland is one, but also is st. anne la palud and quimper... or a small spot in the county clare...
scotland is  so obviously celtic but people tend to forget brittany that's why i chose this place
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Faileas 
  Posted: 18-Jan-2003, 08:00 PM
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great, lass, well worth Not to forget! (d)
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