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> Saint Patrick, Ireland's Patron Saint, Who was Patrick?
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MacEoghainn 
Posted: 16-Mar-2005, 07:13 PM
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from: http://www.theholidayspot.com/patrick/hist...ryofpatrick.htm

St Patrick is known as the patron saint of Ireland. True, he was not a born Irish.
But he has become an integral part of the Irish heritage, mostly through his service across Ireland of the 5th century.

Patrick was born in the later half of the 4th century AD. There are differing views about the exact year and place of his birth. According to one school of opinion, he was born about 390 A.D., while the other school says it is about 373 AD. Again, his birth place is said to be in either Scotland or Roman England. His real name was probably Maewyn Succat. Though Patricius was his Romanicized name,
he was later came to be familiar as Patrick.

Patrick was the son of Calpurnius, a Roman-British army officer. He was growing up as naturally as other kids in Britain. However, one day a band of pirates landed in south Wales and kidnapped this boy along with many others. Then they sold him into slavery in Ireland. The was there for 6 years, mostly imprisoned. This was when changes came to him. He dreamed of having seen God. Legend says, he was then dictated by God to escape with a getaway ship.

Finally, he did escape and went to Britain. And then to France. There he joined a monastery and studied under St. Germain, the bishop of Auxerre. He spent around 12 years in training. And when he became a bishop he dreamed that the Irish were calling him back to Ireland to tell them about God. The Confessio, Patrick's spiritual autobiography, is the most important document regarding this. It tells of a dream after his return to Britain, in which one Victoricus delivered him a letter headed "The Voice of the Irish."

So he set out for Ireland with the Pope's blessings. There he converted the Gaelic Irish, who were then mostly Pagans, to Christianity. He was confident in the Lord, he journeyed far and wide, baptizing and confirming with untiring zeal. And, in a diplomatic fashion he brought gifts to a kinglet here and a lawgiver there,but accepted none from any.

Indeed, Patrick was quite successful at winning converts. Through active preaching, he made important converts even among the royal families. And this fact upset the Celtic Druids. Patrick was arrested several times,but escaped each time. For 20 years he had traveled throughout Ireland, establishing monasteries across the country. He also set up schools and churches which would aid him in his conversion. He developed a native clergy, fostered the growth of monasticism,
established dioceses, and held church councils.

Patrick's doctrine is considered orthodox and has been interpreted as anti-Pelagian. Although he is not particularly noted as a man of learning, a few of his writings remain extant: his Confession, a reply to his detractors, and several letters. The Lorica ("Breastplate"), a famous hymn attributed to Patrick, may date to a later period.

By the end of the 7th century Patrick had become a legendary figure, and the legends have continued to grow since then. There are many legends associated with St Patrick. It is said that he used the three-leafed shamrock to explain the concept of the Trinity; which refers to the combination of Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit. Hence its strong association with his day and name. Legend also has that Saint Patrick had put the curse of God on venomous snakes in Ireland. And he drove all the snakes into the sea where they drowned.

True, these are mostly legends. But, after some 1500 years, these legends have been inseparably combined with the facts. And together they have helped us know
much about the Saint and the spirit behind celebration of the day.

Patrick's mission in Ireland lasted for over 20 years. He died on March 17, AD 461.
That day has been commemorated as St. Patrick's Day ever since. The day's spirit is to celebrate the universal baptization of Ireland.

Lorica of Saint Patrick (from: http://www.ewtn.com/Devotionals/prayers/patrick.htm )

I arise today
Through a mighty strength, the invocation of the Trinity,
Through a belief in the Threeness,
Through confession of the Oneness
Of the Creator of creation.

I arise today
Through the strength of Christ's birth and His baptism,
Through the strength of His crucifixion and His burial,
Through the strength of His resurrection and His ascension,
Through the strength of His descent for the judgment of doom.

I arise today
Through the strength of the love of cherubim,
In obedience of angels,
In service of archangels,
In the hope of resurrection to meet with reward,
In the prayers of patriarchs,
In preachings of the apostles,
In faiths of confessors,
In innocence of virgins,
In deeds of righteous men.

I arise today
Through the strength of heaven;
Light of the sun,
Splendor of fire,
Speed of lightning,
Swiftness of the wind,
Depth of the sea,
Stability of the earth,
Firmness of the rock.

I arise today
Through God's strength to pilot me;
God's might to uphold me,
God's wisdom to guide me,
God's eye to look before me,
God's ear to hear me,
God's word to speak for me,
God's hand to guard me,
God's way to lie before me,
God's shield to protect me,
God's hosts to save me
From snares of the devil,
From temptations of vices,
From every one who desires me ill,
Afar and anear,
Alone or in a mulitude.


I summon today all these powers between me and evil,
Against every cruel merciless power that opposes my body and soul,
Against incantations of false prophets,
Against black laws of pagandom,
Against false laws of heretics,
Against craft of idolatry,
Against spells of women and smiths and wizards,
Against every knowledge that corrupts man's body and soul.
Christ shield me today
Against poison, against burning,
Against drowning, against wounding,
So that reward may come to me in abundance.

Christ with me, Christ before me, Christ behind me,
Christ in me, Christ beneath me, Christ above me,
Christ on my right, Christ on my left,
Christ when I lie down, Christ when I sit down,
Christ in the heart of every man who thinks of me,
Christ in the mouth of every man who speaks of me,
Christ in the eye that sees me,
Christ in the ear that hears me.

I arise today
Through a mighty strength, the invocation of the Trinity,
Through a belief in the Threeness,
Through a confession of the Oneness
Of the Creator of creation

St. Patrick (ca. 377)


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Madadh 
Posted: 17-Mar-2005, 06:14 AM
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Thank you for the post.


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Mailagnas maqqas Dunaidonas 
Posted: 17-Mar-2005, 06:52 AM
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One of St. Patrick's many accomplishments, one for which he rarely seems to receive recognition, is starting the process of writing down many of the oral traditions, which is why we know far more about pre-Christian Ireland than many other Celtic groups.


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Ríobhca31 
Posted: 17-Mar-2005, 01:58 PM
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That's an awesome post, thank you for sharing!


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iyanno 
Posted: 17-Mar-2005, 06:28 PM
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I thank you for the detailed history of St. Patrick. Today I read that there is a legend that he made snow burn. What do you know about that?


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WizardofOwls 
Posted: 17-Mar-2005, 08:48 PM
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Sorry to go off topic here, but I just wanted to say hi to iyanno and welcome her to CelticRadio! I hope you grow this place as much as I have! Come back and visit with us often so that we can get to know each other better, okay? And welcome to the family!

Now back to the regularly scheduled program... wink.gif


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j Padraig moore 
Posted: 18-Mar-2005, 11:34 AM
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Yes, a very good post.
Thank you!

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iyanno 
Posted: 18-Mar-2005, 09:26 PM
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Thanks for the welcome. I like to listen to the music on Celtic Radio while I surf. I'm still waiting for the answer to St. Patrick making snow burn. Or where I might find the information.
I'm still learning how to add features to my profile, etc. Today I added a picture/avatar.
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MacEoghainn 
Posted: 19-Mar-2005, 08:38 AM
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QUOTE (iyanno @ 18-Mar-2005, 09:26 PM)
Thanks for the welcome. I like to listen to the music on Celtic Radio while I surf. I'm still waiting for the answer to St. Patrick making snow burn. Or where I might find the information.
I'm still learning how to add features to my profile, etc. Today I added a picture/avatar.

This has the only reference to snow and Saint Patrick that I found after a quick search of the internet: http://www.royalty.nu/Europe/Ireland/Patrick.html

"Again Patrick turned an enemy into a friend. He impressed Laoghaire, and the king invited him to Tara. There the king's druids mocked Patrick, asking him if he could make it snow. According to legend, Patrick replied that only God could make it snow -- and at that moment it began to snow. When Patrick crossed himself, the snow stopped. Awed, the high king gave Patrick permission to continue his missionary work."
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