On 23 and 24 June 1314, the forces of Edward II and Robert I met on the flat land south of Stirling. Edward had accepted a challenge to relieve Stirling Castle - one of the few Scottish castles still under English control - by midsummer's day.
The Scottish forces, although smaller, were better led and better positioned. They won a heroic victory and Edward fled the field and Scotland (narrowly escaping capture).
Although it was not until 1328 that the English monarchy (under Edward III) accepted Scotland's right to full independent status, the Battle of Bannockburn marked the end of any English pretensions to control the northern British kingdom.
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