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> Scottish Gaelic, Lesson 2
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Posted: 27-Jan-2005, 10:54 AM
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Here is Scottish Gaelic Lesson 2. As always, these lessons come from www.taic.btinternet.co.uk/taic.htm, where you will sound files for each lesson. I encourage you to visit it!


Lesson 2

1. Some Simple Adverbs

The adjective
uabhasach - terrible / awful is often used to convey the meaning very when used with another adjective :
Tha e uabhasach mr - He is awfully big
Tha e uabhasach fliuch - It is terribly wet

Similarly the words gl - very and ro - too are used with adjectives to emphasise qualities. The two words gl and ro lenite* the following adjective whenever possible :
Tha iad gl mhr - They are very big T
ha e ro fhuar - It is too cold

* As you can see lenition means the introduction of a letter h after the first letter of the adjective. This always results in a slight change in sound at the beginning of the adjective.

However, words beginning with l, n, r, sg, sp, st or a vowel cannot be lenited in their spelling. L, n and r are affected, but only in their pronunciation.

Another useful little word is cho - so. It is used like gl and ro, but luckily you do not have to worry about leniting the next word :
Tha thu cho snog - You are so nice


rd - tall, high
uabhasach - terrible, awful, very

cho - so
gl - very
ro - too, excessively

ach - but
agus - and

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English
1.Tha am fear gl thrang
2.Tha an l gl fhliuch
3.Nach eil am fear rd?
4.A bheil i ro fhuar?
5.A bheil thu uabhasach sgth?
6.Tha e ro bheag
7.Tha sin uabhasach
8.Tha mi fuar agus fliuch

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig
1.I am so cold
2.The man is very lazy
3.Isn't she awful?
4.We are too tired
5.They're not very wet
6.He isn't too pleased
7.She isn't wet but she is cold
8.They're not so nice

2. Past Tense of the Verb TO BE

The independent form is Bha, the dependent form is Robh. Like the present tense these are used to provide the four distinct forms of the past tense of the verb To Be: Bha for positive statements:
Bha e fuar - It was cold
Cha robh for negative statements:
Cha robh e fuar - It was not cold
An robh? for asking a question (interrogative):
An robh e fuar? - Was it cold?
Nach robh? for a negative question (negative interrogative):
Nach robh e fuar? - Wasn't it cold?

Saying Yes and No
Gidhlig has no single word for yes or no. The positive or negative forms of the verb need to be used in responding to a question.

In the present tense:
A bheil thu fliuch? - Are you wet? Chan eil - No Tha - Yes
Nach eil iad rd - Aren't they tall? Chan eil - No Tha - Yes

In the past tense:
An robh sibh trang? - Were you busy? Cha robh - No Bha - Yes
Nach robh i leisg? - Wasn't she lazy? Cha robh - No Bha - Yes

EXERCISE 3 Translate into English
1.Bha iad gl thoilichte
2.Cha robh i ro shnog
3.An robh iad sgth? Cha robh
4.A bheil i tioram? Tha
5.Nach robh am fear leisg?
6.Bha iad trang agus toilichte
7.Bha an l fliuch ach blth
8.An robh thu blth? Bha
9.Nach eil iad snog? Chan eil

EXERCISE 4 Translate into Gidhlig
1.The man wasn't tired
2.Aren't you warm? No
3.Wasn't she very wet? Yes
4.Am I not nice? Yes
5.She wasn't busy, she is lazy
6.He was too tall
7.We were very pleased
8.The day wasn't so warm
9.They weren't terribly pleased, were they? No

Sln agus beannachd,
Allen R. Alderman

'S i Alba tr mo chridhe. 'S i Gidhlig cnan m' anama.
Scotland is the land of my heart. Gaelic is the language of my soul.
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