Welcome Guest ( Log In | Register )
   Mobile App






Reply to this topicStart new topicStart Poll

> Salem Witch Trials, new evidence
Bookmark and Share
barddas 
Posted: 06-Oct-2003, 02:18 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Offical sacrifice to the guitar gods-Play til you bleed
********

Group: Celtic Nation
Posts: 2,030
Joined: 06-Nov-2002
ZodiacWillow

Realm: second star to the right, straight until morning

male





This is taken from PBS.com

When Linnda Caporael began nosing into the Salem witch trials as a college student in the early 1970s, she had no idea that a common grain fungus might be responsible for the terrible events of 1692. But then the pieces began to fall into place. Caporael, now a behavioral psychologist at New York's Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, soon noticed a link between the strange symptoms reported by Salem's accusers, chiefly eight young women, and the hallucinogenic effects of drugs like LSD. LSD is a derivative of ergot, a fungus that affects rye grain. Ergotism -- ergot poisoning -- had indeed been implicated in other outbreaks of bizarre behavior, such as the one that afflicted the small French town of Pont-Saint-Esprit in 1951.
But could ergot actually have been the culprit? Did it have the means and the opportunity to wreak havoc in Salem? Caporael's sleuthing, with the help of science, provided the answers.
Ergot is caused by the fungus Claviceps purpurea, which affects rye, wheat and other cereal grasses. When first infected, the flowering head of a grain will spew out sweet, yellow-colored mucus, called "honey dew," which contains fungal spores that can spread the disease. Eventually, the fungus invades the developing kernels of grain, taking them over with a network of filaments that turn the grains into purplish-black sclerotia. Sclerotia can be mistaken for large, discolored grains of rye. Within them are potent chemicals, ergot alkaloids, including lysergic acid (from which LSD is made) and ergotamine (now used to treat migraine headaches). The alkaloids affect the central nervous system and cause the contraction of smooth muscle -- the muscles that make up the walls of veins and arteries, as well as the internal organs.
Toxicologists now know that eating ergot-contaminated food can lead to a convulsive disorder characterized by violent muscle spasms, vomiting, delusions, hallucinations, crawling sensations on the skin, and a host of other symptoms -- all of which, Linnda Caporael noted, are present in the records of the Salem witchcraft trials. Ergot thrives in warm, damp, rainy springs and summers. When Caporael examined the diaries of Salem residents, she found that those exact conditions had been present in 1691. Nearly all of the accusers lived in the western section of Salem village, a region of swampy meadows that would have been prime breeding ground for the fungus. At that time, rye was the staple grain of Salem. The rye crop consumed in the winter of 1691-1692 -- when the first usual symptoms began to be reported -- could easily have been contaminated by large quantities of ergot. The summer of 1692, however, was dry, which could explain the abrupt end of the 'bewitchments.' These and other clues built up into a circumstantial case against ergot that Caporael found impossible to ignore.



Here is a link to an interview with the scientist. A few other interesting tid bits in there too!

http://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets/case_salem.../interview.html


--------------------
BARDDAS BLOG/WEB SITE

Co Founder/Member of the KDC

Music is holy, art is sacred, and creativity is power

Everyday is EARTH DAY to a farmer

"Always forgive your enemies; nothing annoys them so much."
Oscar Wilde

Some men are drawn to oceans, they cannot breathe unless the air is scented with a salty mist. Others are drawn to land that is flat, and the air is sullen and is leaden as August. My people were drawn to mountains- Earl Hamner Jr.

PMEmail Poster                
Top
RavenWing 
Posted: 06-Oct-2003, 02:26 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Dorkus Trollus Maximus
********

Group: Celtic Nation
Posts: 1,609
Joined: 07-Feb-2003
ZodiacHazel

Realm: Indiana, USA

female





I remember watching this. I was amazed.


--------------------
May all your up's and down's be under the sheets!

Religion is for those who are afraid of going to Hell. Spirituality is for those who have already been there.
- Anonymous
PMEmail Poster               
Top
Shadows 
Posted: 06-Oct-2003, 03:00 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline





Reader of souls, vision seeker, TROLL
Group Icon

Group: Super Moderator
Posts: 4,157
Joined: 20-Jun-2003
ZodiacHolly

Realm: The frontier of Penn's Woods

male





I had alreay replied to this topic before it was a new topic... I think it was in Wicca, Good or Evil!

Humm! Evil! is Live spelled backwards!!! wink.gif


--------------------
I support the separation of church and hate!

IMAGINATION - the freest and largest nation in the world!


One can not profess to be of "GOD" and show intolerence and prejudice towards the beliefs of others.

Am fear nach gleidh na h–airm san t–sith, cha bhi iad aige ’n am a’ chogaidh.
He that keeps not his arms in time of peace will have none in time of war.

"We're all in this together , in the parking lot between faith and fear" ... O.C.M.S.

“Beasts feed; man eats; only the man of intellect knows how to eat well.”

"Without food we are nothing, without history we are lost." - SHADOWS


Is iomadh duine laghach a mhill an Creideamh.
Religion has spoiled many a good man.

The clan MacEwen
PMEmail PosterUsers Website My Photo Album               
Top
Richard Bercot 
Posted: 06-Oct-2003, 03:26 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



House of Hardy
Group Icon

Group: Ireland
Posts: 3,342
Joined: 29-Sep-2003
ZodiacAsh


male





I have been keeping track of this myself.

My 10th Greatgrandmother was Susanna North Martin. She was one of the women that was hung.

She was married to George Martin and the Daughter of Richard North and Joan Bartram, from England.

She was also the last of the people that was hung to be reprieved and that didn't happen until around the year 2000.

One of these day I would like to go there and see here marker.


--------------------
May your days be filled with Merriment and May you walk in Balance with Creator.

"For every day you fish, you live another day"
PMEmail Poster                
Top
barddas 
Posted: 07-Oct-2003, 06:58 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Offical sacrifice to the guitar gods-Play til you bleed
********

Group: Celtic Nation
Posts: 2,030
Joined: 06-Nov-2002
ZodiacWillow

Realm: second star to the right, straight until morning

male





QUOTE (Richard Bercot @ Oct 6 2003, 05:26 PM)
I have been keeping track of this myself.

My 10th Greatgrandmother was Susanna North Martin. She was one of the women that was hung.

She was married to George Martin and the Daughter of Richard North and Joan Bartram, from England.

She was also the last of the people that was hung to be reprieved and that didn't happen until around the year 2000.

One of these day I would like to go there and see here marker.

WOW Richard! That is some family tree digging you have done. I have a friend that was there a few years back. He said the memorial site was nice. It's about time....
PMEmail Poster                
Top
Welsh Guy 
Posted: 08-Oct-2003, 12:31 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Knight of the Round Table
*******

Group: Celtic Nation
Posts: 162
Joined: 26-Oct-2002
ZodiacBirch

Realm: Paris, France







QUOTE (Shadows @ Oct 6 2003, 11:00 PM)

Humm! Evil! is Live spelled backwards!!! wink.gif

.. and God is Dog spelt backwards, personally I prefer Dogs


--------------------
Quand tout renaît à l'espérance
PMEmail PosterUsers Website               
Top
RavenWing 
Posted: 08-Oct-2003, 01:53 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Dorkus Trollus Maximus
********

Group: Celtic Nation
Posts: 1,609
Joined: 07-Feb-2003
ZodiacHazel

Realm: Indiana, USA

female





That reminds me of a joke.

Q: What do you get when you have a dyslexic agnostic?

A: A person in search of the exstence of a dog.
PMEmail Poster               
Top
Shadows 
Posted: 08-Oct-2003, 06:58 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline





Reader of souls, vision seeker, TROLL
Group Icon

Group: Super Moderator
Posts: 4,157
Joined: 20-Jun-2003
ZodiacHolly

Realm: The frontier of Penn's Woods

male





LOL! See it is all in how one percieves one's position and surroundings!!! LOL!

Attached Image. Works with IE only! (Click thumbnail to expand)
Attached Image (Works with IE Only)
PMEmail PosterUsers Website My Photo Album               
Top
Celeste of the Stars 
Posted: 31-Oct-2003, 09:26 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Peasant
*

Group: Celtic Nation
Posts: 19
Joined: 30-Oct-2003
ZodiacVine


female





QUOTE (Richard Bercot @ Oct 6 2003, 03:26 PM)
I have been keeping track of this myself.

My 10th Greatgrandmother was Susanna North Martin. She was one of the women that was hung.

She was married to George Martin and the Daughter of Richard North and Joan Bartram, from England.

She was also the last of the people that was hung to be reprieved and that didn't happen until around the year 2000.

One of these day I would like to go there and see here marker.

A fellow witch and I plan to take a trip there. We just moved to PA. I'm not sure when we're going, but if you'd like I'll look for your Greatgrandmother's marker and take some pics for you


--------------------
Merry Meet, Merry Part and Merry Meet Again
Blessed Be,
Celeste of the Stars
PMEmail Poster               
Top
Richard Bercot 
Posted: 02-Nov-2003, 01:06 AM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



House of Hardy
Group Icon

Group: Ireland
Posts: 3,342
Joined: 29-Sep-2003
ZodiacAsh


male





QUOTE (Celeste of the Stars @ Oct 31 2003, 09:26 PM)
QUOTE (Richard Bercot @ Oct 6 2003, 03:26 PM)
I have been keeping track of this myself.

My 10th Greatgrandmother was Susanna North Martin.  She was one of the women that was hung.

She was married to George Martin and the Daughter of Richard North and Joan Bartram, from England.

She was also the last of the people that was hung to be reprieved and that didn't happen until around the year 2000.

One of these day I would like to go there and see here marker.

A fellow witch and I plan to take a trip there. We just moved to PA. I'm not sure when we're going, but if you'd like I'll look for your Greatgrandmother's marker and take some pics for you

Celeste of the Stars,

That would be great if you could. But from what I understand, there are no markers on her grave or any of the others that were accused. The only thing I know of is a Monument that has a list of the People who were Hung or Stoned.

If you do find one for her, I would be thrilled. I try to get picture of all the grave sites of my ancestors. thumbs_up.gif

Thank you,
Richard.
PMEmail Poster                
Top
maryellen 
Posted: 02-Nov-2003, 09:50 AM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Celtic Guardian
Group Icon

Group: England
Posts: 344
Joined: 20-Sep-2003
ZodiacHazel

Realm: Saint Louis, Missouri, USA

female





So, how would their explanation explain the witch trials in Europe, which lasted much longer and condemned thousands. Do these findings get America off the hook as being "witch hunters"?


--------------------
Seize the time,. . .live now, make now always the most precious time. Now will never come again- Star Trek TNG

"The report of my death was an exaggeration."
-Mark Twain, After reading his own obituary, June 2, 1897

If you ever have a world, plan ahead, don't eat it! - Star Trek TNG
PMEmail Poster               
Top
Celeste of the Stars1 
Posted: 02-Nov-2003, 04:23 PM
Quote Post

Member is Offline



Celtic Guardian
Group Icon

Group: Ireland
Posts: 200
Joined: 31-Oct-2003
ZodiacVine


female





QUOTE (Richard Bercot @ Nov 2 2003, 01:06 AM)
QUOTE (Celeste of the Stars @ Oct 31 2003, 09:26 PM)
QUOTE (Richard Bercot @ Oct 6 2003, 03:26 PM)
I have been keeping track of this myself.

My 10th Greatgrandmother was Susanna North Martin.  She was one of the women that was hung.

She was married to George Martin and the Daughter of Richard North and Joan Bartram, from England.

She was also the last of the people that was hung to be reprieved and that didn't happen until around the year 2000.

One of these day I would like to go there and see here marker.

A fellow witch and I plan to take a trip there. We just moved to PA. I'm not sure when we're going, but if you'd like I'll look for your Greatgrandmother's marker and take some pics for you

Celeste of the Stars,

That would be great if you could. But from what I understand, there are no markers on her grave or any of the others that were accused. The only thing I know of is a Monument that has a list of the People who were Hung or Stoned.

If you do find one for her, I would be thrilled. I try to get picture of all the grave sites of my ancestors. thumbsup.gif

Thank you,
Richard.

I'll see what I can do biggrin.gif


--------------------
Have a day!

Merry Meet, Merry Part and Merry Meet Again
Blessed Be,
*Celeste of the Stars*

"Always shoot for the moon that way if you miss you'll always land among the stars"

'An it harm non do what you will'
PMEmail Poster                
Top
0 User(s) are reading this topic (0 Guests and 0 Anonymous Users)
0 Members:

Reply to this topicStart new topicStart Poll

 








Celtic RadioTM broadcasts through Live365.com and StreamLicensing.com which are officially licensed under SoundExchange, ASCAP, BMI, SESAC and SOCAN.
©2014 Celtic Radio Network, Highlander Radio, Celtic Moon, Celtic Dance, Ye O' Celtic Pub and Celt-Rock-Radio.
All rights and trademarks reserved. Read our Privacy Policy.
Celtic Graphics ©2014, Cari Buziak


Link to CelticRadio.net!
Link to CelticRadio.net
View Broadcast Status and Statistics!

Best Viewed With IE 8.0 (1680 x 1050 Resolution), Javascript & Cookies Enabled.


[Home] [Top]

Celtic Hearts Gallery | Celtic Mates Dating | My Celtic Friends | Celtic Music Radio | Family Heraldry | Medival Kingdom | Top Celtic Sites | Web Celt Blog | Video Celt