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Celtic Radio Community > The Celts > This Day In History...


Posted by: Keltic 07-Sep-2012, 07:47 AM
I've been running a series of "This Day In History" on my Twitter feed and thought that this might be an interesting topic to add here. When I worked at the House of Commons in Ottawa, I spent many lunch hours in the Library of Parliament going through the collection to build up a timeline of Celtic events. Some of the books that I used were:

Canadian Events 1000-1978
By Frank W. Anderson
Published by Frontiers Unlimited
Copyright 1979

Dateline: Canada
By Bob Bowman
Published by Holt, Rinehart and Winston of Canada, Limited
Copyright 1967

Canadian Historical Dates and Events, 1492-1915
By Francis J. Audet
Copyright 1917

Chronicle of Canada
Jacques Legrand S.A. International Publishing, Copyright 1990
Chronicle Publications, Copyright 1990

Canada: A Chronology and Fact Book
Compiled and edited by Brian H.W. Hill
Oceanaa Publications, Inc., Copyright 1973

The Fitzhenry and Whiteside Book of Canadian Facts and Dates
By Jay Myers
Updated and Revised by Larry Hoffman and Fraser Sutherland
Fitzhenry and Whiteside, Copyright 1991

The Encyclopedia of American Facts and Dates, Ninth Edition
Gorton Carruth
HarperCollins Publishers, Inc. Copyright 1993

British Historical Facts, 1688-1760
Chris Cook and John Stevenson
St. Martin’s Press, Copyright 1988

A Dictionary of Irish History since 1800
D.J. Hickey and J.E. Doherty
Gill and MacMillan, Copyright 1980

The Oxford Companion to British History
Oxford University Press, 1997

I will be adding to this topic frequently and invite everyone else to as well. Lets try to add on the anniversary date of the event!!

Posted by: Keltic 07-Sep-2012, 07:48 AM
September 7, 1786[U] - 526 Scottish immigrants, almost the entire northern Scottish parrish, arrived at Quebec en route to Upper Canada

Posted by: Keltic 09-Sep-2012, 08:11 AM
September 9, 1543 - Mary Queen of Scots, also known as Mary Stuart or Mary I of Scotland, was crowned at Stirling Castle. Mary was born in Linlithgow Palace on 8 December 1542. She spent much of her early life in France and in 1558 married the French dauphin, Francois.

Posted by: Keltic 11-Sep-2012, 07:53 AM
September 11, 1297 - The Battle of Stirling Bridge was a battle of the First War of Scottish Independence. The forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey and Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling, on the River Forth.

Posted by: Keltic 13-Sep-2012, 07:21 AM
Sept 13, 1903 - The first edition of the "Gaelic American", a weekly Fenian newspaper from New York, was published. The last date of publication was in 1951.

Posted by: Keltic 14-Sep-2012, 07:13 AM
A day early on this one but I'm doing a live-in experience with my children at http://www.uppercanadavillage.com/index.cfm/en/about-the-village/all-about-the-village/ and they didn't have internet in the 1860's.

September 15, 2012 - 178 Scottish immigrants arrived in Pictou, Nova Scotia after enduring an 11 week North Atlantic crossing aboard the brig “Hector”. Eighteen children didn’t survive the voyage which was the first of the large scale immigrations of Highland Scots.

Posted by: Keltic 14-Sep-2012, 07:16 AM
Of course, I didn't mean 2012. Year was actually 1773

Posted by: Keltic 20-Sep-2012, 08:05 AM
September 20, 1621 - Sir William Alexander, a Scottish poet, is made Lord Proprietor of a territory to be known as New Scotland or Nova Scotia by King James I. He convinced James that the Scots needed a New Scotland as the French had a New France and the English had a New England. He had limited success in settling colonists for the next 6 years.

Posted by: Keltic 21-Sep-2012, 07:22 AM
September 21, 1745 - Jacobite victory at Prestonpans where the forces under Prince Charlie defeated the English forces under Sir John Cope.

Posted by: Keltic 21-Sep-2012, 07:25 AM
September 21, 1745 - King James V was crowned on this day in 1513, despite being only one year-old. James had a largely unsuccessful reign until 1542 when he died from injuries sustained during the Battle of Solway Moss, only six days after the birth of his daughter, Mary Queen of Scots.

Posted by: Keltic 27-Sep-2012, 09:59 PM
September 27, 1895 - The ‘Irish National Convention’ was held in Chicago, where the use of physical force was discussed as a means of achieving freedom for Ireland from Great Britain.

Posted by: Keltic 05-Oct-2012, 08:00 AM
Oct 5, 1871 - Unsuccessful Fenian raid led by William B. O’Donoghue at Pembina in Manitoba. They did manage to capture the Hudson’s Bay outpost but this was somewhat of a hollow victory as it was unoccupied at the time. American troops were soon on the scene to escort the leader and his men back to the United States.

Posted by: Keltic 17-Oct-2012, 07:47 AM
October 17, 2002 - Ten years ago today, the world lost Derek Bell, full time member of the Chieftains since 1975.

http://youtu.be/vOVRZdKRrwg

Posted by: Keltic 21-Oct-2012, 06:54 AM
October 21, 1966 - One hundred and forty-four people (mostly children) died when an avalanche of waste and sludge from a coal tip buried the primary school in Aberfan, a South Wales village.

http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/witness/october/21/newsid_3194000/3194860.stm

Posted by: Keltic 23-Oct-2012, 07:49 AM
October 23, 2012 - Prince Albert laid the foundation stone of the Industrial Museum in Chambers Street, Edinburgh, later to become the Royal Museum of Scotland.

Posted by: Keltic 04-Nov-2012, 11:48 AM
November 3, 1810- Twenty-two people were killed and more than 40 others were injured when gun powder being stored in a labourers house exploded. Workers from the Ballincollig gunpowder works, in Ballincollig, Co. Cork, Ireland, were stealing the gunpowder. Before selling the gunpowder, it had to be dried by holding a lit candle over the powder. Apparently, one of the men who died in the blast had been seen at a local tavern, drinking heavily.

Posted by: Keltic 08-Nov-2012, 08:38 AM
November 8, 1847 - Abraham “Bram” Stoker, was born in Clontarf, Dublin, Ireland. He was an Irish novelist and short story writer, best known today for his 1897 novel Dracula.

Posted by: Keltic 21-Nov-2012, 08:30 AM
November 20, 1920 - Bloody Sunday - Fourteen British intelligence agents, known as the “Cairo gang”, were assassinated by members of the IRA.

Later in the day, British soldiers, the “Black and Tans”, fired into a crowd at a Gaelic football match in Croke Park, killing Fourteen and injuring sixty others.

As well, three republican prisoners being held in Dublin Castle were found shot. The official explanation stated that they were trying to escape.

Posted by: Keltic 23-Nov-2012, 08:22 AM
November 23, 1835 - An invention by Scottish born Henry Burden of Troy, New York, was patented. His machine manufactured sixty horseshoes per minute. The majority of the horseshoes used by the Union Cavalry during the Civil War were manufactured in his plant.

Posted by: Keltic 28-Nov-2012, 08:51 AM
November 28, 1666 - Sir Thomas Dalyell's horse regiment intercepted a group of Covenanters who had marched to Edinburgh from the west of Scotland to protest against religious discrimination. Fifty protestors were killed in what is known as the battle of Rullion Green.

This battle was the culmination of the Pentland Rising which began on November 15, 1666 after troops were found beating an elderly man who had defaulted on a fine for not attending government-approved church services. At the height, about 3000 men were amassed during the rising, however, those numbers dwindled to 900 by November 28.

Posted by: Keltic 03-Dec-2012, 08:50 AM
December 3, 1894 - On this day, Famous Scots novelist Robert Louis Stevenson (Treasure Island, Kidnapped, Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde) died of a stroke in Samoa at the age of forty-four.

Natives hacked a path up Mount Vaea to bury him, and his epitaph was his own poem, Requiem.

Under the wide and starry sky,
Dig the grave and let me lie.
Glad did I live and gladly die,
And I laid me down with a will.
This be the verse you grave for me:
Here he lies where he longed to be;
Home is the sailor, home from sea,
And the hunter home from the hill.


So loved by the Samoans, this poem was translated to a Samoan song of grief which is still sung today

Posted by: Keltic 04-Dec-2012, 08:36 AM
December 4, 1837 - William Lyon Mackenzie assembled forces for an attack on Toronto in an attempt to overthrow the Government of the day.

Mackenzie was a Scottish born American and Canadian journalist, politician, and rebellion leader. He served as the first mayor of Toronto, Upper Canada and was an important leader during the 1837 Upper Canada Rebellion.

http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/william-lyon-mackenzie

Posted by: Keltic 06-Dec-2012, 08:37 AM
December 6, 1921 - Agnes McPhail became the first woman elected to the Canadian House of Commons

December 6, 1921 - The Anglo-Irish Treaty (Articles of Agreement for a Treaty Between Great Britain and Ireland) was signed concluding the Irish War of Independence. An ultimatum was issued to the effect that if the terms weren’t agreed to by the Irish, they would face the renewal of war.

December 6, 1922 - The Irish Free State created by the Anglo-Irish Treaty came into force on 6 December 1922 by Royal Proclamation


Posted by: Keltic 08-Dec-2012, 07:50 AM
December 8, 1542 - Mary Queen of Scots, (Mary Stuart) was born in Linlithgow Palace on 8 December 1542. She spent much of her early life in France and in 1558 married the French dauphin, Francois. She was the only legitimate child of King James V who died when she was 6 days old. She succeeded him and was crowned nine months later.

Posted by: Keltic 01-Jan-2013, 11:06 AM
January 1, 1651 - Charles II was crowned King of Scots at Scone. It was the last coronation that took place in Scotland.

January 1, 1847 - The British Relief Association was founded. It was formed to aid in overcoming the distress caused by the potato failure in Ireland and Scotland.


Posted by: Keltic 08-Jan-2013, 08:49 AM
January 8, 1945 - On this day in 1945, Kevin Conneff, vocalist and bodhran player for the Chieftains since 1976 was born in Donore, Ireland. Happy Birthday, Kevin and here's to many more!!

Posted by: Keltic 11-Jan-2013, 08:12 AM
January 11, 1815 - Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's founding Prime Minister, was born in Glasgow, Scotland.

Posted by: Keltic 28-Jan-2013, 12:46 PM
January 28, 1822 - Alexander Mackenzie, Canada's second Prime Minister was born in Logierait, Perthshire, Scotland.

January 28, 1866 - Robert Foulis died in poverty in Saint John, New Brunswick. He was born in Glasgow, Scotland and moved to Canada in 1818 after the death of his first wife. Among his accomplishments was inventing the steam powered foghorn, founding the New Brunswick's first iron foundry in 1825 and a school of arts in 1838. He also patented a gas light apparatus that was later used in lighthouses.

Posted by: Keltic 30-Jan-2013, 10:34 PM
January 30, 1972 - British army paratroopers shot 13 civilians during a civil rights demonstration in Derry. A tribunal exonerated the army but also found that none of the 13 dead were armed.

Posted by: Keltic 31-Jan-2013, 09:10 AM
January 31, 1788 - Charles Edward Stuart (Bonnie Prince Charlie or the Young Pretender) died in exile in Rome.

Posted by: Keltic 04-Feb-2013, 09:00 AM
February 4, 1880 - A centuries old feud ended in the death of five members of the notorious Donnelly family (The Black Donnellys) in Biddulph, Ontario. The feud preceded their emigration from County Tipperary, Ireland. The members of this southwestern Ontario family who were known for their brawling and thievery were shot and brutally beaten by vigilantes. The vigilantes, led by James Carroll, killed 4 family members before burning the house down and moving on to kill the fifth family member at another home. Dead were James, his wife Johanna, two sons and his niece. Nobody was ever convicted of thecrimes.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EDVEK1egMVw

Posted by: Keltic 05-Feb-2013, 09:33 AM
February 5, 1846 - John Boyd Dunlop was born in Ayrshire. Dunlop patented the pneumatic tyre in 1888, unaware that Robert William Thomson of Stonehaven, Aberdeenshire, had patented a design in 1845. But it is the name of Dunlop that is now synonymous with tyres.

Posted by: Keltic 08-Feb-2013, 08:33 AM
February 8, 1631 - Charles I granted Cape Breton Island to Robert Gordon and his son Robert of Lochinvar, Scotland

February 8, 1587 - Mary Queen of Scots (Mary Stuart) was executed for her implication in the Babington plot to overthrow Queen Elizabeth I and restore Roman Catholicism in England. The execution took place at Fotheringay Castle, in Northamptonshire.

Posted by: Keltic 10-Feb-2013, 10:50 AM
February 10, 1306 - John 'the Red' Comyn, Lord of Badenoch died after being stabbed by future king, Robert the Bruce. Robert the Bruce stabbed 'the Red' Comyn by the high altar at Greyfriars Kirk in Dumfries.

February 10, 1802 - Scottish explorerer Alexander Mackenzie, most famous for his overland crossing of North America to reach the Pacific Ocean, was knighted. He reached the Pacific ocean by crossing Canada in 1793, more than 10 years before the Lewis and Clark expedition.

Posted by: Keltic 11-Feb-2013, 08:06 AM
February 11, 1869 - Suspected Fenian sympathizer, Patrick Whelan publically hanged in Ottawa for the murder of one of Canada's founding fathers, Thomas D’Arcy McGee. It was the last public execution held in Canada. Whelan maintained his innocence right up to his death. His last words were ‘God save Ireland and God save my soul’ in front of the 5,000 who gathered to witness the hanging.

Posted by: Keltic 13-Feb-2013, 09:29 AM
February 13, 1692 - The Massacre of Glencoe occurred on this day in 1692, in which 34 men, two women and two children, members of the Macdonald clan, were slaughtered by Campbells and other soldiery on government orders after inadvertent failure of clan chief to sign allegiance to William III. Many more died of exposure after their homes were burned.

http://youtu.be/8cPitxtk4m0

Posted by: Keltic 20-Feb-2013, 09:24 AM
February 20, 1472 - Orkney and Shetland annexed to the crown of Scotland. The islands were pledged by Christian I, King of Denmark and Norway, as security for the dowry of his daughter Margaret, who married James III of Scotland in 1469. The money was never paid and the islands have remained a part of Scotland ever since.

Posted by: Keltic 01-Mar-2013, 07:54 AM
March 1, 1546 - Protestant reformer George Wishart, after a 'show trial' by Cardinal David Beaton, was executed by being burnt at the stake at St. Andrew's in Scotland.

March 1, 1729 - Welsh immigrants in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania first celebrated St. David’s Day, celebrating the patron Saint of Wales. These immigrants formed the Society of Ancient Britons.

March 1, 1847 - Three people were killed and numerous injured as a by-election in the Belfast district of Prince Edward Island, Canada ended in a riot. The district had been split along ethnic, religious and political lines and had a history of disturbances on voting day. The violence started as Scottish and Irish voters attacked each other with clubs. One observer noted “The field was as if a number of butchers had been extensively at work”.

Posted by: Keltic 03-Mar-2013, 08:31 AM
March 3, 1847 - Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh on this day in 1847. Bell is credited with inventing the first practical telephone. Among other inventions were the metal detector and hydrofoils. A commonly used unit of sound, the decibel, is named after Bell.

Bell died of complications arising from diabetes on August 2, 1922, at his private estate, Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, at age 75.

Posted by: Keltic 13-Mar-2013, 08:42 AM
March 13, 1846 - "The Ballinlass Incident" saw the eviction by the landlord, Mrs. Gerard, of the entire population of Ballinlass, a village in the County Galway. In order to turn the property over for grazing, which was more profitable, she evicted the seventy-six families, comprising 300 individuals. Despite the widespread condemnation of the act, the order was not rescinded.

Posted by: Keltic 17-Mar-2013, 07:20 AM
March 17, 1765 - St. Patricks Day was celebrated for the first time in Canada at Quebec City


Posted by: Keltic 19-Mar-2013, 07:20 AM
March 19, 1813 - Scots explorer and missionary David Livingstone was born in the village of Blantyre, South Lanarkshire. Livingstone was the first European to see Victoria Falls, which he named after the then queen. His meeting with H. M. Stanley in October 1871 gave rise to the popular quotation "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

Posted by: Keltic 21-Mar-2013, 08:04 AM
March 21, 867 - Ælle, King of Northumbria, attempted to regain York from Danish armies, but only managed to penetrate the walls before being killed. He was a major character in the saga Ragnarssona þáttr (The Tale of Ragnar's sons).

Posted by: Keltic 24-Mar-2013, 08:29 AM
March 24, 1603 The crowns of England and Scotland were united when Queen Elizabeth I of England was succeeded by her cousin King James VI of Scotland. He ascended the throne of England as King James I.

Posted by: Keltic 25-Mar-2013, 07:21 AM
March 25, 1603 - Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on this day in 1306. After the controversial death of one of his main rivals - who was murdered on a church altar - Bruce was made king but still had to contend with the power of English monarch Edward I ("Hammer of the Scots"). Bruce eventually defeated Edward's son at the battle of Bannockburn.

http://youtu.be/j1ObLzG8bnc

Posted by: Keltic 25-Mar-2013, 07:23 AM
OOPS!!!
That would be 1306


March 25, 1306 - Robert the Bruce was crowned King of Scotland at Scone on this day in 1306. After the controversial death of one of his main rivals - who was murdered on a church altar - Bruce was made king but still had to contend with the power of English monarch Edward I ("Hammer of the Scots"). Bruce eventually defeated Edward's son at the battle of Bannockburn.

http://youtu.be/j1ObLzG8bnc

Posted by: Keltic 07-Apr-2013, 07:53 AM
April 7, 1868 - Father of Canadian confederation, Thomas D'Arcy McGee became Canada's first and only politician to be assassinated. McGee was born in Carlingford, Ireland in 1825. He first arrived in North America where he settled in the U.S. While there, he founded and edited the Irish-American publications, the New York Nation and the American Celt. In 1857, he emigrated to Canada and began his political career in 1858.

The alleged assassin, Patrick Whelan was the last to be publicly hanged in Canada.

Posted by: Keltic 08-Apr-2013, 07:38 AM
April 8, 1820 - Death of Thomas Douglas, 5th Earl of Selkirk (Lord Selkirk).

Selkirk became interested in the plight of the Scottish crofters and in 1803 established a colony in Prince Edward Island, and a second colony at Baldoon, near Lake St. Clair in Upper Canada. Selkirk became interested in creating a colony in the Red River Valley. He acquired a controlling interest in the Hudson's Bay Company and in 1811, received a grant of 116,000 square miles in that region for the purpose of colonization. Here, he created the Red River Colony, also known as the Selkirk Settlement.

Posted by: Keltic 10-Apr-2013, 07:14 AM
April 10, 1512 King James V of Scotland was born on this day at Linlithgow Palace. He became king at the age of seventeen months after his father, James IV, was killed at the battle of Flodden.

Posted by: Keltic 01-May-2013, 07:19 AM
May 1, 1707 - The union of Scotland and England under the name of Great Britain came into effect


Posted by: Robert Phoenix 01-May-2013, 06:48 PM
Forgot April 30th, 2013. The day Marty McFly came from the past year of 1985 to help his kids. No working hoverboards yet though. Must have been a comic con prototype.

Posted by: Keltic 01-May-2013, 09:59 PM
QUOTE (Robert Phoenix @ 01-May-2013, 08:48 PM)
Forgot April 30th, 2013. The day Marty McFly came from the past year of 1985 to help his kids. No working hoverboards yet though. Must have been a comic con prototype.

Have to add that to my list of important dates!!! biggrin.gif

Posted by: Keltic 06-May-2013, 07:12 AM
May 6, 1820 - British Government ruled that the Church of Scotland was to be entitled to the support of the Government of Upper Canada.

Posted by: Keltic 07-May-2013, 06:26 AM
May 7, 1907 - The British steamship, the ‘Lusitania’ was sunk by a German submarine off the coast of Ireland, killing 1198 of the 1924 passengers

Posted by: Keltic 08-May-2013, 07:18 AM
May 8, 1916 - Eamonn Ceannt, Michael Mallin, Con Colbert and Sean Heuston were executed for their parts in the “Easter Rising”


Posted by: Keltic 09-May-2013, 06:42 AM
May 9, 1916 - Thomas Kent was executed by firing squad for his parts in the “Easter Rising"

Posted by: Keltic 24-May-2013, 08:06 AM
March 24, 1832 - A small steamer became the first vessel to traverse the full length of the Rideau Canal, marking the official opening of the canal.

Read the history of the Rideau Canal http://www.rideau-info.com/canal/history/hist-canal.html

Posted by: Keltic 27-May-2013, 07:20 AM
May 27, 1936 - The ocean liner RMS Queen Mary made her maiden voyage on 27 May 1936. She was built by the John Brown & Company Ltd shipyard in Clydebank and is now permanently berthed at Long Beach, California.

Posted by: Keltic 29-May-2013, 07:13 AM
May 29, 1914 - The ship ‘Empress of Ireland’ was rammed in fog by a Norwegian ship near Rimouski, Quebec on the St. Lawrence River. 1,012 passengers died.

Posted by: Keltic 05-Jun-2013, 07:02 AM
June 5, 1919 - Canadian Parliament passed an Act allowing for the deportation of British subjects not born in Canada. This was aimed at the leaders of the Winnipeg General strike which began on May 1, 1919

Posted by: Keltic 06-Jun-2013, 07:16 AM
June 6, 1866 - U.S. President, Andrew Jackson issued a proclamation condemning the Fenian’s ‘high misdemeanors, forbidden by the laws of the United States’. This decision officially ended the neutrality of the American government, denying safe refuge to the Fenians. Orders were then issued to troops under Generals Ulysses S. Grant and George C. Meade to seize their arms and ammunition.

Posted by: Keltic 06-Jun-2013, 07:17 AM
June 6, 1891 - Sir John A. Macdonald died at 10:15 p.m. after suffering a second stroke.

Posted by: Keltic 07-Jun-2013, 08:02 AM
June 7, 1329 - Death of Robert the Bruce (Robert I), king of the Scots who secured Scotlands independence from England.

http://youtu.be/WgskbClWZ68


Posted by: Keltic 08-Jun-2013, 09:24 AM
June 8, 739 - The first dated raid by Vikings on the British Isles occurred today in 793AD, when an attack is made on the monastery of Lindisfarne.

June 8, 1832 - The ship ‘Carrick’ from Dublin, Ireland arrived at Quebec with half of its’ passengers dead from cholera.

Posted by: Keltic 09-Jun-2013, 08:25 AM
June 9, 1853 - Eleven people died as an anti-catholic speech by an anti-papist, Alessandro Gavazzi, sparked a riot at the Zion church in Montreal, Quebec. The deaths were caused by British troops firing a volley into the Protestant congregation as the people were leaving the church. Gavazzi had to be escorted from Quebec under the guard of 60 soldiers. Three days earlier, troops quelled a riot in Quebec City at another stop on his lecture tour.

Posted by: Keltic 10-Jun-2013, 07:00 AM
June 10, 1688 - Prince James Francis Edward Stuart (Stewart), or the 'Old Pretender' as he is better known, was born today in 1688. His claim to the English and Scottish thrones (as James III of England and VIII of Scotland) dates from the death of his father, James II, who had been deposed by the Dutch William III in 1689. Attempts to regain power, however, were not successful and James saw out the remainder of his life in exile in Rome. His son, Charles Edward Stuart - aka 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' - almost succeeded where his father had failed but his attempt to be king essentially ended at the Battle of Culloden

Posted by: Keltic 13-Jun-2013, 08:40 AM
June 13, 1811 - Control of the Hudson’s Bay Co. was passed to Thomas Douglas, the 5th Earl of Selkirk. He was granted 116,000 square miles commonly known as the Red River Settlement.

Posted by: Keltic 14-Jun-2013, 07:28 AM
June 14, 1864 - Sir John A. Macdonald, Canada's first Prime Minister, voted against the confederation of Canada.

Posted by: gaberlunzie 20-Jun-2013, 05:32 AM
I should have posted earlier how much I enjoy reading this thread. Keltic, about time to say a big thank you to you for keeping it running and your efforts! cool.gif

Posted by: Keltic 20-Jun-2013, 07:42 AM
QUOTE (gaberlunzie @ 20-Jun-2013, 07:32 AM)
I should have posted earlier how much I enjoy reading this thread. Keltic, about time to say a big thank you to you for keeping it running and your efforts! cool.gif

You're welcome! I will keep it going as long as I see people are reading it and as long as I don't run out of things to add.

Posted by: Keltic 20-Jun-2013, 07:47 AM
June 20, 1867 - Clan na Gael, an Irish-American republican revolutionary organization also referred to as the “United Brotherhood”, was founded by Jerome J. Collins.

Posted by: Keltic 21-Jun-2013, 07:21 AM
June 21, 1871 - The Bishop of Limerick, Dr. Butler bought the Ardagh Chalice for £50 from Mrs. Quin of Ardagh, County Limerick.

It was discovered in September 1868 by Jimmy Quin and Paddy Flanagan while digging potatoes in a ring fort at Reerasta, Ardagh. It is unclear why they were digging potatoes in a fort, although it is possible that they believed that the potatoes grown here would be safe from the blight that had afflicted the potato crop during the Great Famine.

Bishop Butler sold the chalice to the Royal Irish Academy in 1878 for £500. It is now found in the National Museum in Dublin

Posted by: Keltic 01-Jul-2013, 07:51 AM
July 1, 1629 - James Stuart, Lord Ochiltree landed at Baleine, Cape Breton with sixty colonists.

July 1, 1893 - Dr. Douglas Hyde, Eoin MacNeill and Fr. Eugene O’Growney founded the Gaelic League (Conradh na Gaielge). It was formed to revive and preserve Irish as the spoken language. Initially, it was non-political and non-sectarian but it took a political stance on the independence of Ireland in 1915.

Posted by: CelticRadio 07-Jul-2013, 08:55 PM
This is a great thread and thanks for continuing to post these interesting tidbits of history! thumbs_up.gif

Posted by: Keltic 07-Jul-2013, 10:25 PM
QUOTE (CelticRadio @ 07-Jul-2013, 10:55 PM)
This is a great thread and thanks for continuing to post these interesting tidbits of history! thumbsup.gif

You are welcome. Had these lying around for many years and glad to share.

Posted by: Keltic 08-Jul-2013, 07:19 AM
July 8, 1965 - Ronald Biggs, one of the Great Train Robbers, scaled the wall of Wandsworth Prison with a rope ladder and landed on a furniture van outside. He had served 15 months of his 30 year sentence.

http://youtu.be/RWAPe8S2hgA

Posted by: Keltic 10-Jul-2013, 07:12 AM
July 10, 1921 - Belfast's "Bloody Sunday" took place just a day before the Truce between the IRA and the British was put into effect. The IRA in the city, alerted by the banging of nationalist dustbin lids on the ground mounted a successful ambush of an RIC armoured car on Raglan Street on July 9. Attacks by orange factions and special constables on Catholics and their properties in Belfast, left 16 dead, sixty-eight seriously injured and 161 homes razed.


Posted by: Keltic 11-Jul-2013, 08:21 AM
July 11, 1274 - Robert I, King of Scots(Robert the Bruce) was born at Turnberry Castle, Ayrshire

July 11, 1921 - End of the Irish War of Independence or the Anglo-Irish War as a truce is called between the IRA and the British government

Posted by: Keltic 12-Jul-2013, 08:32 AM
July 12 -The Twelfth (also called The Glorious Twelfth or Orangemen's Day) is an Ulster Protestant celebration held on 12 July. It celebrates the Glorious Revolution (1688) and victory of Protestant king William of Orange over Catholic king James II at the Battle of the Boyne (1690).

Celebrations have often been marred by violence pitting Catholic against Protestant resulting in many deaths. In 1871, one of the worst events where more than 50 died and numerous injured after riots broke out in New York City.

July 12, 1946 - Seán Keane, fiddler for the Chieftains since 1968, was born in Dublin Ireland. Happy Birthday!

July 12, 1961 - Singer Seán Keane, one of the founding members of Arcady, was born in County Galway, Ireland. Happy Birthday!

Posted by: Keltic 17-Jul-2013, 07:58 AM
July 17, 1938 - Douglas ‘Wrong-way’ Corrigan took off from New York and landed in Dublin, Ireland. Since he didn’t have a flight exit permit to Europe, he claimed that he was actually meaning to head to California. He had been applying for a permit for a number of years but each bid rejected after his plane was deemed not to be safe for a trans-Atlantic flight.

Posted by: Keltic 29-Jul-2013, 07:03 AM
July 29, 1565 - Mary Queen of Scots married her cousin, Henry Stuart (Stewart), 1st Duke of Albany, Lord Darnley, in the Old Abbey Chapel at the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh.

Posted by: Keltic 30-Jul-2013, 07:55 AM
July 30, 1812 - Miles Macdonell, Lord Selkirk’s agent and appointed Governor of Assiniboia by the Hudsons Bay Company, arrived at the fork of the Assiniboine and Red Rivers with Scottish colonists, where he established Fort Douglas.

Posted by: Keltic 01-Aug-2013, 08:21 AM
Aug 1, 1938 - Paddy Moloney, one of the founders of the Irish musical group The Chieftains, formed in 1962, was born in Dublin Ireland. He has played on every one of their albums.

http://youtu.be/rcb3JQwsdIg

Posted by: Keltic 02-Aug-2013, 07:34 AM
August 2, 1922 - Alexander Graham Bell died at 75 years of age and was buried on August 4 at his summer estate ‘Beinn Brheagh’ (Gaelic for beautiful mountain) in Baddeck, Nova Scotia. The Bell telephone system stopped service for one minute during the funeral to honour him.

Bell was born in Edinburgh in 1847. The prolific inventor not only developed the telephone but also worked in the aviation and nautical fields. As a young man he emigrated to Canada and later to the US - therefore he is held to be among the "nation's greatest" in all three countries.

Posted by: Keltic 03-Aug-2013, 12:25 PM
August 3, 1460 - Aug 3, 1460-James II of Scotland died during the siege of Roxburgh Castle when a cannon he was firing exploded


Posted by: Keltic 07-Aug-2013, 07:21 AM
August 7, 1803 - The first of 800 Scottish settlers arrive at Orwell Bay, Prince Edward Island organized by Thomas Douglas Selkirk aboard the ships Polly, Dykes and Oughton. This was the first establishment of Lord Selkirk in Canada, paving the way for his later settlements in Ontario and Manitoba.

Posted by: Keltic 08-Aug-2013, 07:22 AM
August 8, 1863 - Angus McAskill, the famed 38 year old Cape Breton giant, died from what was described as brain disease. Scottish born McAskill, who stood at 7’9”, was said to have once shouldered a 2,700 pound anchor on a bet. In 1849, McAskill joined P.T. Barnum's circus, performing next to 35" tall General Tom Thumb.

Posted by: Keltic 12-Aug-2013, 08:21 AM
August 12, 1847 - The ‘Virginius’ landed at the quarantine area on Gross Isle with 476 Irish immigrants. Cholera had claimed 158 lives during the voyage.

August 12, 1990 - Roy Williamson of the Corries died on this day. A brilliant songwriter, he penned what became Scotland's unofficial national anthem, 'Flower of Scotland'.

http://youtu.be/Vyx1xeZo_tk

http://youtu.be/XA6cnXFiE6I

Posted by: Keltic 13-Aug-2013, 07:50 AM
August 13, 1682 - The first Welsh settlers established a community near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

August 13, 1843 - During a visit to Bytown, now known as Ottawa, by Governor General Lord Metcalfe, tension grew between the Protestants and Catholics of Bytown after the Orangeman erected an arch entwined with tiger lilies, a symbol of their cause, over Rideau Street. Magistrates ordered the removal of the arch after a riot occurred when the city's Catholics were forced to walk under the arch on their way to church. Peace was restored only by the presence of soldiers. After the riot, the magistrates were criticized for not having enough appointed special constables.

Posted by: Keltic 15-Aug-2013, 07:54 AM
August 15, 1057 - Mac Bethad mac Findlaích (Macbeth), King of Scotland died at the Battle of Lumphanan. Although the basis for William Shakespeare's character "Macbeth", the literary character provided a highly inaccurate picture of the real king

August 15, 1771 - Scottish poet and novelist Sir Walter Scott was born in Edinburgh. His most known titles include Ivanhoe, Rob Roy, The Lady of the Lake, Waverley, The Heart of Midlothian and The Bride of Lammermoor.

Posted by: Keltic 16-Aug-2013, 08:21 AM
August 16, 1766 - Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne was born in Gask, Perthshire. A poet, Oliphant added her words to old folk tunes. Her parents were staunch Jacobite supporters and many of her works, including "Charlie is my Darling", reflect her family's sympathies. Were it not for Carolina, many Scots folk tunes would have been forgotten.

http://youtu.be/aleyPzq_I8c - words by Carolina Oliphant, performed by Silly Wizard with quite an entertaining intro.

Posted by: MacEoghainn 18-Aug-2013, 01:29 PM
QUOTE (Keltic @ 16-Aug-2013, 09:21 AM)
August 16, 1766 - Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne was born in Gask, Perthshire. A poet, Oliphant added her words to old folk tunes. Her parents were staunch Jacobite supporters and many of her works, including "Charlie is my Darling", reflect her family's sympathies. Were it not for Carolina, many Scots folk tunes would have been forgotten.

http://youtu.be/aleyPzq_I8c - words by Carolina Oliphant, performed by Silly Wizard with quite an entertaining intro.

The tune used in that performance is "Hey Tuttie Tatie", which is the same tune Burns wrote "Scots What Hae" to.

Posted by: Keltic 19-Aug-2013, 09:38 PM
QUOTE (MacEoghainn @ 18-Aug-2013, 03:29 PM)
QUOTE (Keltic @ 16-Aug-2013, 09:21 AM)
August 16, 1766 - Carolina Oliphant, Lady Nairne was born in Gask, Perthshire. A poet, Oliphant added her words to old folk tunes. Her parents were staunch Jacobite supporters and many of her works, including "Charlie is my Darling", reflect her family's sympathies. Were it not for Carolina, many Scots folk tunes would have been forgotten.

http://youtu.be/aleyPzq_I8c - words by Carolina Oliphant, performed by Silly Wizard with quite an entertaining intro.

The tune used in that performance is "Hey Tuttie Tatie", which is the same tune Burns wrote "Scots What Hae" to.

Getting a lot of mileage out of that tune!

Posted by: Keltic 23-Aug-2013, 06:31 AM
August 23, 1305 - William Wallace was executed in London. Wallace was hanged, drawn, and quartered for high treason and crimes against English civilians

http://youtu.be/F6ErtqhGPwY

Posted by: Keltic 26-Aug-2013, 07:03 AM
August 26, 1784 - Cape Breton separated from Nova Scotia to become and independent colony. It was merged with Nova Scotia for a second time in 1820.

Posted by: Keltic 28-Aug-2013, 08:08 AM
August 28, 1861 - William Lyon Mackenzie died in Toronto. Mackenzie was a journalist, MLA, first mayor of Toronto, a leader of the rebellions of 1837 and was a central figure in pre-Confederation political life in Canada.

He spent more than 10 years in exile in the U.S. after the Rebellions of 1837 including one year in jail after violating U.S. neutrality laws. He returned in 1849 after receiving a government pardon.

Posted by: Keltic 30-Aug-2013, 07:46 AM
August 30, 1204 - The order was given by King John to erect Dublin Castle. “You have given us to understand you have no safe place for the custody of our treasures, and because for this reason and for many others, we are in need of a strong fortress in Dublin, we command you to erect a castle therein such a place as you may consider to be suitable for the administration of justice and if need be, for the defence of the city…”

August 30, 1812 - The first of Lord Selkirks colonists arrived to settle at the forks of the Assiniboine and Red rivers in what was known as Rupert’s Land. Most of these colonists were impoverished Scots, led by a former soldier named Miles Macdonnell whom Lord Selkirk had made governor of this new colony.

August 30, 2013 - Irish poet and Nobel winner, Seamus Heaney has died in a Dublin hospital following a short illness. He was 74.

http://www.independent.co.uk/arts-entertainment/books/news/seamus-heaney-dead-at-74-8791324.html

http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/seamus-heaney

Posted by: Keltic 03-Sep-2013, 08:04 AM
September 3, 1787 - Journeymen weavers rioted during the Calton Weavers Strike against a 25 percent wage cut and lockout in Glasgow. After bricks were thrown, injuring magistrates and military, the soldiers were ordered to fire on the rioters, killing six people.

Posted by: Keltic 05-Sep-2013, 11:00 AM
September 5, 1926 - Drumcollogher cinema tragedy claimed 48 lives during a showing of “The Ten Commandments”. Reels of film were set ablaze when a candle was upset. The tragedy led to strict international guidelines and also to the development of a new type of film.

Posted by: Keltic 11-Sep-2013, 07:34 AM
September 11, 1297 - Scots under the lead of William Wallace defeated the English at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.

http://youtu.be/hwAOQGKO-hA

Posted by: Keltic 13-Sep-2013, 07:02 AM
September 13, 1903 - The first edition of the “Gaelic American”, a Fenian newspaper from New York, was published. The Gaelic American published every Saturday until 1951

Posted by: Keltic 20-Sep-2013, 07:13 AM
September 20, 1621 - Sir William Alexander, a Scottish poet, is made Lord Proprietor of a territory to be known as New Scotland or Nova Scotia by King James I. He convinced James that the Scots needed a New Scotland as the French had a New France and the English had a New England. He was not too successful in settling colonists for the next 6 years.

Posted by: Keltic 27-Sep-2013, 07:49 AM
September 27, 1895 - The ‘Irish National Convention’ was held in Chicago, where the use of physical force was discussed as a means of achieving freedom for Ireland from Great Britain

Posted by: Keltic 08-Oct-2013, 07:19 AM
October 8, 1871 - A fire in Chicago, Illinois ("The Great Chicago Fire") destroyed approximately 17,500 buildings, killed more than 300 people and left in excess of 100,000 homeless. Legend has it that the fire was started when a cow, owned by Mrs. O’Leary, kicked over a lantern but in truth, the fire actually started in the barn of a labourer named Patrick O’Leary. The fire raged for about three days levelling a large part of the city.

Posted by: ryansgirl 10-Nov-2013, 09:51 PM
Nov. 10 1871 Journalist and Explorer Henry Stanley found David Livingstone in Central Africa and made his famous exclamation. "Dr. Livingstone, I presume?"

1969 Sesame Street premiered on PBS

1970 The Great Wall of China opened to the world for tourism.

1982 The Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened in Washington D.C.

Posted by: Keltic 06-Dec-2013, 09:18 AM
December 6, 1917 - This day marks the Halifax Explosion which saw the death of approximately 2000 people and about 9000 injured. A French munitions ship collided with an American vessel between the Bedford Basin and Halifax Harbour.

Some great sites with footage, articles and survivor accounts -

http://www.cbc.ca/halifaxexplosion/
http://www.halifaxexplosion.org/
http://www.novascotia.ca/nsarm/virtual/explosion/explosion.asp

Enjoy your reading!!!

Will be back on track soon with more dates.

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