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> Scottish Gaelic, Lesson 6
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WizardofOwls 
Posted: 13-May-2005, 10:56 PM
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LESSON 6

From http://www.taic.btinternet.co.uk/taic.htm

The Dative Case of Nouns

The Dative Case is the form of a noun found after the simple prepositions

Features in Common with the Nominative Case

Dative plural nouns are identical to nominative plural nouns, and the plural definite article remains na:

Masculine plural nouns
balaich - boys
na balaich - the boys
le balaich - with boys
leis na balaich - with the boys

Feminine plural nouns
bthan - shops
na bthan - the shops
ann am bthan - in shops
anns na bthan - in the shops

The Dative Singular Case of Masculine Nouns

The Indefinite Noun

The dative indefinite noun is identical to the nominative indefinite noun :

Nominative Indefinite Singular/Dative Indefinite Singular
brd - table/air brd - on a table
leabhar - bookle leabhar - with a book

The Definite Noun
The masculine dative singular noun undergoes identical initial changes as the feminine nominative singular definite nouns (see Lesson3)

The definite article of nouns beginning with d, t, l, n, r, sg, sm, sp or st is identical to the nominative definite nouns. Combined forms of the definite article with the simple prepositions bho, de, do, fo, mu, ro and tro are maintained (see Lesson 5)

Nominative Definite Singular/Dative Definite Singular
an doras - the door/tron doras - through the door
an sgoilear - the pupilleis an sgoilear - with the pupil
an taigh - the houseaig an taigh - at the house

The definite article of dative nouns beginning with a vowel drop the t- of the nominative definite article. Combined forms of the definite article with the simple prepositions bho, de, do, fo, mu, ro and tro are maintained (see Lesson 5)

Nominative Definite Singular/Dative Definite Singular
an t-ran - the song/leis an ran - with the song
an t-rlar - the floor/fon rlar - under the floor

Nouns beginning with sl, sn, sr or s+vowel add t- to the nominative definite article. Combined forms of the definite article with the simple prepositions bho, de, do, fo, mu, ro and tro are maintained (see Lesson 5)

Nominative Definite Singular/Dative Definite Singular
an sel - the sail/air an t-sel - on the sail
an semar - the room/anns an t-semar - in the room
an sneachd - the snow/leis an t-sneachd - with the snow
an saoghal - the world/mun t-saoghal - about the world

Nouns beginning with b, f, m, p, c or g all lenite in the dative. Combined forms of the definite article with the simple prepositions bho, de, do, fo, mu, ro and tro are maintained (see Lesson5), but with all other simple prepositions the definite changes to a' except for nouns beginning with f:
Nominative Definite Singular/Dative Definite Singular
am brd - the table/air a' bhrd - on the table/fon bhrd - under the table
am feasgar - the evening/anns an fheasgar - in the evening/den fheasgar - of the evening
am monadh - the moor/air a' mhonadh - on the moor/dhan mhonadh - to the moor
am pipear - the paper/anns a' phipear - in the paper/bhon phipear - from the paper
an c - the dog/air a' ch on the dog/mun ch - about the dog
an gille - the boy/ris a' ghille - to the boy/ron ghille - before the boy

NEW WORDS

Adjectives

bidheach - beautiful
bragha - lovely
ciin - calm
donn - brown
luath fast
mall - slow
stoirmeil - stormy
uaine - green

Nouns

achadh (m) - field
allt (m) - burn (stream)
aran (m) - bread
baile (m) - town
bainne (m) - milk
bogsa (m) - box
brd (m) - table
cilidh (m) - ceilidh
cladach (m) - shore
cnoc (m) - hill
falt (m) - hair
feasgar (m) - evening
feur (m) - grass
fiadh (m) - deer
gleann (m) - glen
gual (m) - coal
iasg (m) - fish
m (m) - butter
monadh (m) - moor, mountain
ran (m) - song
pipear (m) - paper
rn (m) -seal
saoghal (m) - world
sel (m) - sail
sgoilear (m) - pupil, scholar
sneachd (m) - snow
sruth (m) - stream
uisge (m) -water
rlar (m) - floor

EXERCISE 1 Translate into English

1.Tha caileag bhidheach anns a' phipear ann
2.Tha c donn beag ann fon bhrd sin
3.An robh sibh air a' mhonadh? Bha
4.Tha an t-m air an aran gl mhath
5.Bha rn ann air a' chladach
6.Tha an gleann sin bragha air l ciin
7.Bha e uabhasach stoirmeil anns an fheasgar
8.Chan eil uisge ann anns an t-sruth
9.Tha teine math teth ann bhon ghual seo
10.An robh e luath leis an t-sel?
11.Bha sth ann tron t-saoghal
12.Tha am bainne bhon fhiadh sin uabhasach math?
13.Nach eil aran r anns a' bhogsa ann? Tha
14.Bha an duine, leis a' ch, cho mall air a' chnoc
15.Tha taigh ann thairis air an t-sruth

EXERCISE 2 Translate into Gidhlig

1.The dog is in the box under the table
2.There is (some) coal in the stream
3.Brown hair is very beautiful?
4.I was on the road to the town
5.A day on the moor is good for you (dhut)
6.The floor was wet with water
7.There is green grass in the field
8.The new house is near the fast burn
9.The shore is past the moor
10.Are they not going to the ceilidh in the town? No
11.There are no fish in the burn (There is not a fish in the burn)
12.The table in that room is very nice
13.There was water under the table14.The boat was under sail
15.There was a seal in the water, and on the shore


This post has been edited by WizardofOwls on 13-May-2005, 10:58 PM


--------------------
Sln agus beannachd,
Allen R. Alderman

'S i Alba tr mo chridhe. 'S i Gidhlig cnan m' anama.
Scotland is the land of my heart. Gaelic is the language of my soul.
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