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> Compound Sentence/tense
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Posted: 04-Jun-2005, 12:52 PM
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I still cannot find the Beginner's page; so, shall take advantage of everyone's good nature here.

In these two sentences, the tense is the same in both clauses.

Rydw i'n gwybod eich bod chi'n edrych. I know that you are looking.
Roeddwn i'n meddwl ei bod hi'n oer neithiwr. I thought that it was cold last night.

Now, please, how do you write a sentence where the two clauses are different tenses?

E.g. I know that you went to Spain last year.

Thank you. Hazel
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Posted: 04-Jun-2005, 08:41 PM
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I believe there are several ways to say this Hazel.

Rydw i'n gwybod fod ti wedi mynd i Sbaen y llynedd - using a wedi tense

Rydw i'n gwybod iti fynd i Sbaen y llynedd - in the past tense using "that" you can use iti, iddi, iddo, iddyn etc.- this is often used in mixed tenses like this

Gwn i fod ti wedi mynd i Sbaen y llynedd - using a conjugate of gwybod.

Gwn i fod est ti i Sbaen y llynedd - I guess this would work too

Here's the link to Beginner's Welsh -



Yr hen Gymraeg i mi,
Hon ydyw iaith teimladau,
Ac adlais i guriadau
Fy nghalon ydyw hi
--- Mynyddog
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Posted: 17-Jun-2005, 04:30 PM
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I'm afraid that latter does not work, Antwn. (Gwn i fod est ti i Sbaen). "Bod" cannot be followed by a conjugated verb, only by the verbnoun.

The best way for you to translate your example, Hazel is by saying:

Gwn dy fod wedi mynd i Sbaen llynedd
Rwy'n gwybod dy fod wedi mynd i Sbaen llynedd

Often, you will just have to accept that subordinate clauses generally do not have a tense and that you will realise whether it is the past or present by the tense of the main clause and the context.

Gwlad, gwlad, pleidiol wyf im gwlad
Tra mr yn fur
I'r bur hoff bau
O bydded ir heniaith barhau
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